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Analysis of Various Bone Grafts Used for Periodontal Flap Surgery - An Institutional Based Retrospective Study

Prerna Jain, Balaji Ganesh S, Manish Ranjan.


The term periodontal regeneration can be understood as the condition by which the function and architecture of the periodontal health is fully restored. A medical process called bone grafting can be defined as that process which restores missing or defective bone from a patient's body. The benefits of using periodontal bone grafts are decrease in probing depth, enhanced clinical attachment level, bone regain of the osseous fault and regeneration of the alveolar bone, cementum and periodontal tissues. The goal of this study is to analyse the commonly used bone grafts in periodontal flap surgery patients. Data was collected from patients records in June 2019 to April 2020. Total sample size included 88 patients between the age range 15-75 years old who were diagnosed with periodontitis and underwent treatment for bone grafting procedures. Data was tabulated and imported to SPSS for statistical research. Descriptive statistics and chi square test was done. The inspection proved that the bone grafting was done more in male patients with generalised chronic periodontitis within the age range of 31-45 years. This association was not significant since p value=0.761. Within the limits of the study, the bone grafting was done more in male patients who were diagnosed with generalized chronic periodontitis within the age range of 31-45 years old and xenograft was the most common bone graft type used for periodontal flap surgery

Key words: Age, Bone grafts, Flap surgery, Periodontitis

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