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Original Research

Knowledge, attitude and practices regarding iodine deficiency disorders

Satyanarayana Konda, Ravi Kumar B P, Purushottam A Giri.


Background: A high level of awareness of iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) is very important for its prevention and control in the community.

Objective: To study the knowledge, attitude and practices regarding IDD and the use of iodized salt in relation to IDD.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in three areas of Khammam district, Telangana, India. A total number of households surveyed were 272. A structured knowledge and practices questionnaire was used to collect data from the head of the household. The data were collected with reference to knowledge, attitude and practices regarding IDD (its signs and symptoms, treatment and prevention, benefits of iodine, awareness of iodized salt, and sources of information). Descriptive analysis and Chi-square test were used to present the data.

Results: In this study, only 26.1% of the households were aware of IDD. More than half of respondents (67.6%) had heard about iodized salt, the most common source of information being a television (51.5%). 96.3% of the households were using iodized salt. Of the total salt samples, only 10 samples (3.7%) have iodine content

Key words: Knowledge; Attitude; Practices; Iodine Deficiency Disorder; Iodized Salt

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