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Original Article

Natl J Community Med. 2013; 4(1): 161-164


The Status of National Programme for Control of Blindness in Madhya Pradesh

Rituja Kaushal, Sanjay Gupta, Neeraj Gaur, A V Athawale, Manmohan Gupta, Najnin Khanam.

Abstract
"Background: National Programme for Control of Blindness was launched by Government of India in 1976, but in Madhya Pradesh (MP) it was launched in 1978. It is 100% centrally sponsored programme to overcome the major public health problem (blindness) in India, keeping this view the study was conducted with the objectives of to Assess the status of national programme for control of blindness in MP , find out the district wise status and comparisons and know the status of school children in Programme.
Materials and Methods- Study Design: record based retrospective observational. Period of study: from 2007-08 to Aug 2012-13.
Results: Data showing that during the year 2011-12, hundred percent target were achieved for cataract operation followed by 95% in 2010-11. From 2007-08 to 2012-13in the all cataract operation in MP around 98% intra ocular lens were also inserted. Among school children detected refractive errors were higher during the period of 2012-13 (3.91%) followed by 2011-12 (2.26%), lowest detection rate were reported in 2009-10 (1.37%). Maximum number of students given spectacles after detection of refractive error in 2011-12 (62.57%) followed by in 2010-11 (49.88%) .According to performance grading of districts of MP, 20% are best performer district (A grade) and 18% in B grade, 22% 0f MP districts are worst performer and graded E.
Conclusion: National programme for control of blindness in 20 % of districts of MP are best performer districts but still 22% of total districts of Madhya Pradesh is poor performer, there we have to put more effort to make blindness control programme successful."

Key words: Blindness, Madhya Pradesh, school children, surgery



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