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Original Article

Natl J Community Med. 2013; 4(1): 137-140


Refractive Errors in School Going Children – Data from a School Screening Survey Programme

Harpal Singh, V K Saini, Akhilesh Yadav, Bharti Soni.


Abstract

"Background: The prevalence of blindness in children ranges from approximately 0.3/1000 children in affluent regions to 1.5/1000 in the poorest communities. the importance of early detection and treatment of ocular diseases and visual impairment in young is obvious.
Aim and objective - The basic aim of this study was to assess the status of refractive errors in school going children through school screening program.
Method: the study was done on students aged 05 years to 15 years, selected randomly from rural and urban schools in and around the periphery of Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh.
Result: A total of 18,500 children were screened, Out of them 10730 were boys (58.00%) and rest 7770 (42.00%) were girls. Ocular morbidity (refractory errors) was found in 2422(13.09%) children out of which 1059 (5.72%) were boys and 1363(7.36%) were girls. Of these there were a total of 1,313 myopes ; 740 hypermetropes ; 277 with astigmatism and 92 amblyopic children.
Conclusion: school screening program is an effective way to detect the causes of visual impairment in school children."

Key words: Refractive error, amblyopia, myopia






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