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Original Article

Natl J Community Med. 2013; 4(3): 454-456


A Cross Sectional Study to Assess Certain Determinants Co-Related with Anaemia in Pregnant Women attending Antenatal Clinic at Rural Health Training Centre in Western Maharashtra

Sanjivani D Langare, S S Rajderkar, J D Naik, Vishwanath Patil.

Abstract
"Context: In India, anaemia is a common cause of maternal mor-bidity and mortality and a key factor related to low birth weight. As per NFHS-3 (2005-6) survey in rural Maharashtra 58% preg-nant women are anaemic. It indicates the problem of anaemia among pregnant women in rural area and need of research in this context.
Aim: To assess certain determinants co-related with anaemia in pregnant women.
Settings and Design: It was a cross sectional study conducted at Rural Health Training Centre in Western Maharashtra, India.
Methods and Material: A total of 213 pregnant women registered during 1st Jan 2010 to 30th June 2010 were included in present study. Hemoglobin estimation was done by Sahliís method dur-ing her first antenatal visit in 12-20 weeks of gestational age. Data was collected using pre-designed, pretested proforma.
Statistical analysis used: The results were analyzed using the SPSS v16. Statistical methods used were mean and chi square test.
Results: The overall prevalence of anaemia was found to be 88.26%. The prevalence of anaemia was 59.05% among antenatal women who were in the age group of 20-25 years. Higher prevalence of anaemia was seen among women who had high parity, spacing less than 1 year and from low socioeconomic status.
Conclusions: Anaemia continues to be a problem with the existing health care resources. Socio-economic status, literacy of women, parity and spacing of children are the major determinants that contribute to the problem of anaemia."

Key words: Anaemia, determinants, socio-economic status


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