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Review Article

Population Threat to Vultures in India

Subha Ganguly, Sunit Kumar Mukhopadhayay.

Currently vulture population in India is at risk of extinction. During 1980’s, there were nearly 40 million vultures in India. It was mainly due to captive breeding in the birds. The alarming population decline was recorded in the late 1990s by the Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS). Three Gyps species are in the verge of extinction due to use of diclofenac in livestock in India, Nepal and Pakistan. Due to this, already 95% of vulture population has already declined and only 60,000 of these important scavengers are left. This has lead to the extinction of many species and many are under threat and on the verge of extinction. In 2003, the BNHS raised a campaign against use of diclofenac as the drug was widely used for poisoning the scavengers. In 2006, Government of India issued a ban on the production, sale use of the drug for use in veterinary purposes, diclofenac. Proper conservation efforts are still in needed to be planned in well organized manner for preventing this menace.

Key words: Vulture, Extinction, Threat, Natural hazard

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