Background: STDs (sexually transmitted diseases) are as old as diseases of great antiquity. At particular point of time and place, prevalence of STDs is cumulative result of sexual behaviour, tendency, awereness, interventions and immunological factors among concerned population.
Aims: An attempt has made to know the current trend of STDs in the time of global emergence of HIV (the human immunodeficiency virus) by a prospective study.
Methods and Material: From patients attending STD clinic of a tertiary care hospital, 150 consecutive patients having clinically diagnosed STDs were included in the study. Along with clinical diagnosis, all the patients’ history and blood sample were collected. Sera were tested for the screening for HIV anti body and RPR (rapid plasma reagin) test. Data collected from this study is analysed here.
Results: Out of 150 total STD clinic attendants, 23.33% were HIV positive and only 4%were found positive for RPR test. Occurrence of more number of viral STDs (e.g. herpes genitalis, genital warts molluscum contagiosum) is noted as compare to others. The increase of viral origin STDs is observed in both the group-HIV positive group and non-HIV one.
Conclusions: Like any other infectious diseases, STDs are changing their trends as time passes. Regular prospective studies should be done to monitor the current changes in STDs and try to evaluate the responsible factors. To pick up the changes at correct time will be helpful for proper implementation of preventive and curative management.
Key words: STD, HIV, RPR, Viral, Baterial