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Prevalence Study on Tick Infestations of Goat in Lower Shivalik Region of Uttarakhand

Arumugam Gopalakrishnan, Umesh Dimri, Abhijit Nandi, Yesudasan Ajith, Vivek Joshi, Ricky Jhambh, Mohammad Iqbal Yatoo.

Abstract
The present study was aimed to find out the prevalence rate of tick infestation of goats in the lower Shivalik region of Dehradun and Tehri Garhwal district of Uttarakhand during the summer season from March to June, 2016. The overall prevalence rate of tick infestation was observed 72.11%. In study area, 3 tick species were identified which are Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (47.11%), Haemaphysalis spp (16.34%) and Hyalomma spp (8.65%). The most common tick’s predilection sites on the goat body surface were observed on the ears (53.57%) followed by anus & external genitalia (14.58%) and around eyes (6.25%). The intensity of tick infested goat in study area was observed high infestation (54.16%). High prevalence of tick infestation in the study area during summer warrants the need for formulating appropriate intervention strategies to improve control of tick infestation and awareness among goat farmers.

Key words: Prevalence, Tick infestations, Goat, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus, Haemaphysalis spp, Hyalomma spp


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