Background: Induced abortion accounts for 1 in 8 of approximately 600000 maternal deaths that occur annually worldwide. Induced abortion rate can be considered as one of the indicators for assessing availability of the appropriate reproductive health plans for women and identifying needs for appropriate related health policies and programs. Material and Methods: Researchers searched Pubmed, Google Scholar, CINAHL, Embase, PsycINFO, Cochrane, Iranian Scientific Information Database (SID), Iranian biomedical journals (Iranmedex), and Iranian Research Institute of Information and Documentation (Irandoc) between January 2000 and June 2013, which reported induced abortion. Search terms from two categories including abortion and termination of pregnancy were compiled. The search terms were ”induced abortion” , “illegal abortion”, “illegal abortion”, “unsafe abortion”, and “criminal abortion”. The search was also conducted with “induced termination of pregnancy” ,”illegal termination of pregnancy”,” illegal termination of pregnancy”, “unsafe termination of pregnancy” and “ criminal termination of pregnancy” . Meta-analysis was carried out by using OpenMeta software. Induced abortion rates were calculated based on the random effect model. Results: Overall induced abortion rate was obtained 58.1 per 1000 women (95% CI: 55.16-61.04). In continental level, rate of induced abortion was 14 per 1000 women (95% CI: 11-16). Nation-wide and local rates were obtained 67.27 per 1000 women (95% CI: 60.02-74.23) and 148.92 (95% CI: 140.06-157.79) respectively. Discussion and Conclusion: Induced abortion is a major public health problem that occurs worldwide whether under the legal restriction or freedom, and it remains as reproductive health concern globally. To eliminate the need for induced abortion is at the core of any effort for preventing this issue. Option with the highest priority is to prevent unwanted pregnancies through promoting reproductive health plans for women of reproductive age. In case the prevention strategies fail, universal provision of safe abortion services should be put in place.
Induced Abortion, systematic review, meta-analysis.