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Original Research

Biomed Res Ther. 2017; 4(2): 1147-1165


The incidence and mortality of lip and oral cavity cancer and its relationship to the 2012 Human Development Index of Asia

Amir Tiyuri, Abdollah Mohammadian-Hafshejani, Elham Iziy, Hamidreza Sadeghi Gandomani, Hamid Salehiniya.


Abstract

Introduction: Lip and oral cavity cancer is one of the most prevalent cancers in Asia and considered to be a major public health problem due to the low survival rate. Because of the importance of access to information about this cancer (including incidence, mortality rate and relation to socioeconomic indicators), this study aims at investigating the incidence and mortality of lip and oral cavity cancer and its relationship with the Human Development Index (HDI) of Asia (from 2012).

Method: This study was an ecological study in Asia for assessment of the correlation between age-specific incidence rate (ASIR) and age-specific mortality rate (ASMR) with the HDI and its components which include: life expectancy at birth, mean years of schooling and gross national income (GNI) per capita. Data on the standardized incidence ratio (SIR) and the standardized mortality ratio (SMR) for every Asian country for the year 2012 were obtained from the global cancer project and data on the HDI and its components were extracted from the World bank site.

We used a bivariate method for assessment of the correlation between the SIR and SMR with the HDI and its individual components. Statistical significance was assumed if P

Key words: Lip and oral cavity cancer, Human development index, Incidence, Mortality, Asia






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