To evaluate and characterize the mukta, muktashukti, and shankhabhasmasin order to help preventing adulteration.
All the three bhasmas were subjected to pharmaceutical procedures such as shodhan, bhavana, and maran, Weight gain and weight loss were measured. Analytical procedures such as pH, ash value, namburi phased spot test, X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy, (SEM) and diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) were carried out. Market samples of mukta were procured and similar procedures were followed and compared with prepared samples of all three bhasma.
SEM revealed the crystalline nature of all bhasmas. In DRS, the reflectance of light decreased in the order shankha>muktashukti>mukta and showed good absorbance in ultraviolet light rangingfrom 200 to 350nm. Market samples 1 and 2 had many differences when compared to our prepared samples. XRD graph showed similar lattice and high crystalline structure for mukta and muktashuktibhasma.
Market samples 1 and 2 showed many differences when compared to the prepared sample. DRS can be applied to differentiate the sudhavargiyadravyas (calcium containing compounds).
Mukta bhasma; Mukta shukti bhasma; Shankha bhasam; XRD; SEM; DRS