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Original Article

Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2017; 28(104): 121-142

An Efficiency Analysis for the Agricultural Sector in Turkey and 24 EU Countries: 2002-2013

Fatih Hakan DİKMEN, Emre Güneşer BOZDAĞ.

The Agriculture sector has owned an strategical importance in economy of the most countries. In this framework, the European agricultural economy is not able to be isolated from whole economic conditions. The purpose of this study is to analyze the efficiency of Turkey and 25 EU countries’ agricultural sector between the years 2002-2013. Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) and Malmquist Index were used for calculating efficiency scores in this paper. 4 input (labor force, net capital stock, insecticide and agricultural land) and 1 output (value of agricultural production) are used for measuring efficiency. This measurement of technical efficiency was made by using DEAP V2.1 package software program which developed by Coelli. Regarding to findings for the 12 years and 26 countries, the average technical efficiency scores is 0,685. On the other hand, Turkey’s technical efficiency scores is approximately 0,7. The most efficient countries are Belgium, Denmark and Bulgaria and their efficiency scores are equals to 1. The change in total factor productivity value for all countries is 1,004 while Turkey’s score is 0,992. Therefore, there was a small decline in total factor productivity in Turkey for the period discussed.

Key words: Agriculture Sector, Total Factor Productivitiy, Efficiency, Data Envelopment Analysis, Malmquist Index. JEL Classification: C60, D 24, Q10.

Article Language: Turkish English

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