Home|Journals|Articles by Year Follow on Twitter| Subscribe to List

Directory for Medical Articles

Open Access

Invited Review

JNBS. 2017; 4(1): 19-21

How the Development of Tone and Posture Occured in New Borns

Farjad Afzal, Sidra Manzoor, Asma Afzal.

Our total body postural behavior results from an integration of all our body reflexes, and this integration occurred in central nervous system. New born baby do not have this integration and his/her all movements are automatic and crud level. Normal brain leads to normal development. And lesion in abnormal brain leads to abnormal development. Lesion in immature brain leads to abnormal tone development and abnormal postures. In cerebral palsy there is lesion in immature brain that leads to abnormal sensory-motor development. In cerebral palsy there is no integration of neonatal reflexes and delayed in motor development. Abnormal reflex movements produce abnormal synergies and abnormal posture. Primitive reflexes have very important role in development of child. These reflexes also have prime importance in assessment and evaluation. As there is brain lesion in these children, upper center do not have inhibitory effect on lower center, so there is an exaggerated reflex movements. There are different senserimotor approaches of treatment like Bobath, Brunnstromís movement therapy, Roodís approach and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation. Theoretical basis of these treatments are neurodevelopmental modal, reflex theory, hierarchical theory and system approach. Reflex integration should be major component of treatment in children with cerebral palsy.

Key words: cerebral palsy, development of tone, primitive reflexes, neonatal reflexes

Article Language: Turkish English

Full-text options

Full-text Article

Share this Article

Readers of this article also read the following articles
»Determinants of the Choice of Treatment Outlets for Infertility in Southwest Nigeria
»Morphological Assessment of the Genetic Variability among 53 Accessions of West African okra [Abelmoschus caillei (A. Chev.) Stevels] from South Western Nigeria
»Edema induced with clomipramine
»Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in the Hospitalized Psychiatric Patients
»Prenatal and preimplantation genetic diagnosis - a step in right path
»Neuropathic pain
»Promotive effects of 5-Aminolevulinic acid on growth, photosynthetic gas exchange, chlorophyll, and antioxidative enzymes under salinity stress in Prunnus persica (L.) Batseh Seedling
»Our ureterorenoscopic pneumatic lithotripsy experiences for distal ureteral stones
»Seasonal Influence on Meat Quality of Small and Medium Scale Broiler Farming in Bangladesh
»In -vitro analysis of antiallergic activity of Ocimum sanctum (Tulsi/Holy Basil) and Calotropis gigantean (AaK) for reduction of wheat allergenic proteins

Journal of Molecular Pathophysiology


BiblioMed Home
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright © ScopeMedģ Information Services.