Background: Serious burn prompts to a condition of hyper catabolism, bringing about fast muscle damage and long term disability. As life expectancy from severe burn are enhancing, early restoration is vital to boost functional recovery. The prevalence of burn in 2004 was 11 million worldwide.
Objective of Study: To assess the effects of active range of motion exercises in combination with stretching exercises on burn patients.
Methodology: It was a quasi-experimental study. The study was conducted in Burn and Plastic Surgery Department, Mayo Hospital, Lahore. The study was completed in ve months from September 2015 to February 2016 after the approval of synopsis.There was two groups and each group was allocated with 20 patients. Non-probability convenient sampling technique was used.
Group 1 received active range of motion and stretching exercises while group 2 received active range of motion exercises alone for three sessions a week for 4 weeks. Demographics data, pain intensity on visual analogue scale (VAS), functional status of affected region on burn functional assessment scale (BFAS) and range of motion through Goniometer were recorded before and after
the treatment. Data were entered and analysed through Statistical Package of Social Sciences (SPSS) version 16.0.
Results: Baseline measurements for pain intensity on VAS for group 1 was 7.04+1.46 that changed to 1.71+0.56 and for group 2 it was changed from 6.684+1.25 to 2.63+0.76. Burn Functional Assessment Score for group 1 and 2 were 29.23+5.03 and 29.94+4.65 and that were changed to 8.86+2.69 and 12.42+2.06 respectively.
Conclusion: Active range of motion along with stretching exercises was more effective than the active range of motion alone in reducing pain intensity, functional activities and range of motion of
involved limb for treatment of burn patients.
Key words: Burn patients, stretching, active range of motion