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Research Article

JIRLS. 2021; 3(1): 43-48


PREVALENCE OF Trichomonas vaginalis AMONG FEMALE STUDENTS IN KEBBI STATE UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, ALIERO

Shamsudeen MM, Jega BG, Shehu M, Suru SH. and Ngozi UO..


Abstract

Trichomonas vaginalis (T. vaginalis) is a specific protozoan with a predilection for human urogenital tract and causative agent of vaginitis, cervicitis and urethritis in females. The study aimed to determine the prevalence of T. vaginalis among female students in Kebbi State University of Science and Technology, Aliero. Using high vaginal swab (HVS) technique, a total of one hundred(100) vaginal swab samples were collected from five female halls (Block C, Block D, Block E, Block F and Block G), after which their demographic data were collected using questionnaire to compare between the rate of prevalence. Wet mount preparation and Geimsa stain staining methods were employed. The results showed that a total of26%samples were positive; block F has the highest prevalence of 11(55%) followed by Block D with 8(40%), Block E with 3 (15%) and Block C and F with 2 (10%) respectively. Statistical analysis shows significant difference (p˂0.05) between the five female student’s hall residences prevalence rate. Based on age, the highest prevalence of 13(28.26%) was recorded in students 21-26 years, followed by 15-20 years 10 (31.25%) and 27≥32 years with the lowest prevalence 3 (11.64%). There was no significant difference (p˃0.05) between the age groups. Based on the level of study, 300L has the highest prevalence of 8(36.37%) followed by 100L and 400L with the prevalence of 6 (20.003%) each, then 200L with the prevalence of 4 (18.19), 500L have the lowest prevalence of 2(13.3%), although it was not statistically significant (p˃0.05). The above findings concluded the prevalence of T. vaginalis especially among the female (21-26 of age) students of Kebbi State University of Science and Technology Aliero. Thus the need to provide adequate hostels, sanitary conveniences, personal protective devices and routine sensitization within the Campus.

Key words: Trichomonas vaginalis, Prevalence, Female Students and Kebbi State University.






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