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Original Research

RMJ. 2018; 43(2): 276-279


Retained Placenta: An obstetric emergency and cause of reproductive morbidity

Sajida Habib, Farhat Rehana Malik, Naila Nasr Malik.

Abstract
Objectives: To determine the frequency, causes of retained placenta, its association with age and suggest preventive strategies
Methodology: This cross sectional study was conducted at Gynecology & Obstetrics unit of Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar, Pakistan. One hundred and thirty female patients of 20- 40 years with post partum hemorrhage being delivered at labor room as booked patients were enrolled in the study through consecutive sampling technique. Demographic and clinical data were recorded. SPSS version 11 was used for statistical analysis.
Results: Out of 130 patients, 13% (n= 17) belonged to 25-30, 27% (n= 35) in 31-35 and 60% (n=78) in 30-40 years age group. Mean age was 32+1.23 years. Frequency of retained placenta with post partum hemorrhage was 70% (n=91). Association of retained placenta with age distribution was found to be significant (0.002).
Conclusion: Retained placenta is a frequent cause of maternal morbidity.

Key words: Retained placenta, post partum haemorrhage, Pregnancy, Premature Birth, Female.


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