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A Clinical study on Evaluation of Extracapsular Cataract Surgery in Canines

Munna Lal, Suresh Kumar Jhirwal, Praveen Kumar Bishnoi, Tarun Kumar Gahlot, Satyaveer Singh, Krupa K. Soni.

Cataracts are the most frequent cause of blindness in dogs which are characterised by a focal or diffused opacity of lens or lens capsule. Present clinical study was conducted on 12 dogs suffering from cataract. After the detailed ophthalmic and ultrasonographic examination, 7 (9 eyes) out of 12 dogs were surgically treated by extracapsular lens extraction method using operating microscope. The return of ambulatory vision was observed in 6 eyes out of 9 operated eyes and failure of vision was noted in 3 eyes. Peri-operative complications such as haemorrhage, miosis and iris prolapse and post-operative complications such as posterior capsule opacity, suture breakage and glaucoma were reported. Higher incidence of cataract was noted in German shepherd (33.33%) followed by Pomeranian (25%), Cocker spaniel (16.67%), Mongrel (16.67%) and Spitz (8.33%). In this study it was found that Extracapsular cataract extraction under general anaesthesia along with retrobulbar nerve block is proved to be an effective method to treat the cataract.

Key words: Cataract, Extracapsular Lens Extraction Method, Operating Microscope

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