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Original Research

RMJ. 2018; 43(2): 257-260


Prevalence of shoulder subluxation among stroke patients

Shehla Gul, Nasir Khan.

Abstract
Objective: To find out the prevalence of shoulder subluxation in post stroke patients.
Methodology: This descriptive cross sectional study was conducted at Departments of Medicine and Neurology, PIMS Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan and included 101 patients recruited via convenience sampling. Clinical measurement procedure via palpation for shoulder subluxation was used for grades of subluxation. “Ritchie Articular Index for Paretic Shoulder Pain” was used for shoulder pain. Data was analysed using SPSS version 16.0
Results: Out of 101 participants, 61 (60.4%) were males 40 (39.6%) were females. Mean age of patients was 56 years. According to Ritchie Articular Index, 28(27.7%) participants had no pain, 24(23.8%) had pain only, 20(19.8%) had pain with wince and 29(28.7%) had pain with wince and withdrawal. For shoulder subluxation, 60(59.4%) participants had no subluxation, 20(19.8%) had minimal subluxation and only 21(20.8%) had substantial subluxation of the shoulder joint.
Conclusion: The study showed a prevalence of 47.5% for shoulder subluxation in stoke
patients.

Key words: Stroke, shoulder subluxation, shoulder pain, Ritchie Articular Index



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