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Stress as Provoking Factor for the First and Repeated Multiple Sclerosis Seizures

Jasminka Djelilovic-Vranic, Azra Alajbegovic, Merita Tiric-Campara, Amina Nakicevic, Eldina Osmanagic, Senka Salcic, Majda Niksic.


Introduction: Multiple sclerosis is an inflammatory, autoimmune, disease of the white mass of the brain, which sometimes may involve the gray matter (subcortical and ones in the anterior horns of the spinal cord) with the chronic nature and generally with progressive course. As a possible cause of this disease state are listed genetic predisposition, early viral infections and environmental factors, with special effects of stress as a provoking factor in first episode of the disease and relapses because stress leads to modulation of the immune system and immune response to various causes. Goal: To determine the existence of intense stressful events as a factor in the development of the first episode of illness and worsening of the seizures. Material and methods: We analyzed all newly discovered cases of multiple sclerosis over a two year period (January 2010 – December 2011) during the first or second hospitalization, and worsening of seizures for previously diagnosed patients in this period. In order to confirm the MS diagnosis are taken history, neurological examination, MRI of the brain, VEP, CSF examination and for those with repeated hospitalization only follow-up of EDSS scores trough neurological examination. Results: During the two year period there were 109 newly diagnosed cases of MS from which 80 F and 29 M (ratio 2.7:1), aged 17-59 years, mean age 32.93±9.69 years and 41 patients (29 F and12M with seizures worsening in previously diagnosed disease. Disease duration was from 6 months to 17 years. 72.94% had relapsing-remitting course of the disease (RRMS) and 27.1% had secondary progressive type (SPMS). Stress as a provoking factor preceded in 47.44% the first episode of the disease, infections (respiratory) in 18.3%, and the pregnancy with postpartum period in 8.77% women, whereas in the group of patients with previously diagnosed illness relapse (n=41) showed that the infection is most common precipitating factor which preceded relapse in 58.54% of patients, stress in 29.02%) and the pregnancy with postpartum period in 12.5% of patients. Conclusion: An intensive stressor is certainly one of the triggers for the development of Multiple Sclerosis, as the first episode and worsening of previously established disease.

Key words: Key words: multiple sclerosis, stress, precipitating factor.

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