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Prevalence of anemia and its associated sociodemographic factors in apparently healthy individuals presenting as prospective blood donors at a Medical Institute of Rohilkhand region

Milan Jaiswal, Surabhi Pandey.

Background: Anemia is widely prevalent in general and also in prospective blood donors with varying rates of prevalence at different places resulting in substantial loss in the blood donor pool.

Objective: This study was conducted to observe the prevalence of anemia and its associated demographic risk factors in apparently healthy individuals registered as blood donors.

Materials and Methods: Blood donor records from August 2015 to July 2016 were analyzed retrospectively at the blood bank of Shri Ram Murti Smarak Institute of Medical Sciences, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh to observe the prevalence of anemia and its associated demographic risk factors in the prospective blood donors for which Pearson’s Chi-squared test was applied, and odds ratio (OR) was calculated using Microsoft Excel 2007 and statistical software - VassarStats. P < 0.05 at 95% significance level was considered statistically significant.

Results: Among 6273 blood donors registered, prevalence of anemia was 25.75% overall, 25.31% in males and 38.03% in females (χ2 = 17.4, OR = 0.532), 27.56% in rural and 22.50% in urban donors (χ2 = 19.33, OR = 1.311), 27.11% in donors below senior secondary, and 22.93% in donors above senior secondary education level (χ2 = 12.65, OR = 1.251). Males

Key words: Anemia in Blood Donors; Prospective Blood Donors; Blood Donor Pool; Anemia Prevalence

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