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Original Article

J Liaquat Uni Med Health Sci. 2009; 8(3): 228-233


Knowledge, Attitude and Preferences of Pregnant Women towards Modes of Delivery

Nusrat Nisar, Nisar Ahmed Sohoo, Ahson Memon.

Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To determine the knowledge, attitude and preferences of pregnant women towards
vaginal and caesarean delivery
STUDY DESIGN: KAP (Knowledge, attitude and preferences) study
PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Antenatal clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology Department
at Isra University Hyderabad Sindh, from August 2007 to February 2008.
SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Four hundred and forty-six women who have attended the antenatal
clinic during the study period were interviewed after taking informed consent. The information
regarding sociodemographics, obstetric history, knowledge and attitude statements towards
vaginal and caesarean delivery, the source of their knowledge, information regarding
willingness to accept caesarean delivery as a primary mode of delivery for current pregnancy
and the reasons for chosen preferences were recorded on questionnaire. All data were analyzed
by using SPSS v.12. Overall scores for knowledge and attitude statements, mean±SD were calculated.
RESULTS: The mean±SD age was 26.54±5.08 years. Majority (39.7%) of women interviewed have
received no formal education. Overall rating for knowledge about modes of delivery was weak
in 392 (87.9%) women, while medium and good was rated by 47 (10.5%) and 7 (1.6%) respectively.
Mean attitude score was 21.99±3.12 for vaginal delivery and 8.78±4.47 for caesarean delivery.
It shows that 304 (68.1%) women regarded vaginal delivery as a natural and accepted
mode of delivery. Majority of women reported that they obtained the knowledge regarding
modes of delivery from their relatives. Three hundred and fifty-seven (80%) women refused to
accept caesarean delivery as primary mode of delivery in current pregnancy, common reason
given was fear of operation. Only 89 (20%) accepted it and the main reason for acceptance was
doctor’s advise.
CONCLUSION: Women in our setup have low level of knowledge regarding modes of delivery
and positive attitude towards vaginal delivery. There is need for a program to increase women’s
understanding about different modes of delivery.

Key words: Knowledge, Attitude, Preferences, Modes of Delivery, Pregnant Women.


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