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Original Article

J Liaquat Uni Med Health Sci. 2009; 8(3): 192-195


Frequency of Peripheral Arterial Disease in Diabetic Foot

Shoaib Ansari, Iqbal Ahmed Memon, Noshad Ahmed Shaikh, Karam Illahi Memon.

Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of peripheral arterial disease in patients with diabetic
foot.
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective descriptive study.
PLACE AND DURATION: This study was conducted at Medical Unit-IV Liaquat University Hospital,
Jamshoro/Hyderabad from February 2007 to August 2008.
PATIENTS & METHODS: Diabetic patients with non-healing foot ulcer, were selected for the
study by non-probability purposive sampling technique. Ankle brachial index (ABI) was calculated;
peripheral arterial disease (PAD) was diagnosed when ankle brachial index was less than
0.9 and further graded as mild, moderate and severe as per recommendations of American Diabetes
Association. Frequencies with proportions in different grades were calculated.
RESULTS: A total of 67 diabetic foot patients were included, amongst which 51 (76.1%) were
males and 16 (23.9%) were females. Peripheral arterial disease was found in 30 (44.78%) patients,
among them 18 (60%) had mild, 12 (40%) had moderate and none had severe peripheral
arterial disease.
CONCLUSION: Ankle brachial index (ABI) is a simple and cheap technique for the diagnosis of
peripheral arterial disease (PAD). The PAD is one of the major risk factors for diabetic foot,
which can be prevented by monitoring ABI in at-risk patients.

Key words: Diabetic foot, Peripheral arterial disease, Ankle brachial index.


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