Expression of cognitive and functional disorders is a common clinical development of traumatic brain injury (TBI) that is essentially determined by the site and severity of the insult. The present study sought to examine the effects of closed-head TBI on memory in albino rats, in order to further examine the potential efficacy of an acute antioxidants treatment with Dimethyl Sulfoxide (DMSO), Vitamin C and Alpha lipoic acid (ALA). The rat model of closed-head injury by weight drop method was applied on anesthetized rats. The treatment protocol included single oral administration of DMSO, Vitamin C and ALA in three different doses (22.5, 45 and 67.5 mg/kg) 1hr post-TBI. The Novel Object Recognition Test as well as the Modified Neurological severity score (mNSS) were employed to assess post-TBI memory and neurological function respectively. Our results revealed a recognition memory deficit that was significant 7 days after TBI up to 14 days post-TBI. Most importantly, DMSO, Vitamin C and ALA were able to attenuate the memory impairment by TBI. The mNSS of the treated groups decreased significantly than the non-treated group in the first and second week. Conclusively, the use of antioxidants can help in the management of TBI by reducing oxidative stress and improving cognitive function.
Traumatic Brain Injury, Impairment, Memory, Neurological severity score
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