Home|Journals|Articles by Year Follow on Twitter| Subscribe to List

Directory for Medical Articles
 

Open Access

Original Research

Sokoto J. Vet. Sci.. 2017; 15(2): 18-28


Evaluation of pathological changes of natural infectious bursal disease virus infection in the lymphoid organs of Black Harco pullets

AO Igwe, OJ Nwachukwu, CN Chinyere & I Shittu.

Abstract
This study examined the sequential pathological changes in the lymphoid organs (bursa of Fabricius, thymus, spleen and caecal tonsils) of 7-week-old Harco pullet chicks that showed severe clinical disease and lesions during a natural infection with a virulent infectious bursal disease virus. Clinical signs were sleepiness, droopy appearance, greenish-whitish diarrhoea, anorexia and prostration followed by death. Mortality rate was 78% within 3 days of the infection followed by rapid recovery. Gross lesions were marked haemorrhages in the pectoral and thigh muscles, mucosa of the proventriculus and gizzard junction, and caecal tonsils. Bursa of Fabricius, thymus, spleen and kidneys were initially enlarged; however, bursa of Fabricius and thymus were later atrophic. Histologic lesions showed marked oedema, infiltration of heterophils, hyperaemia, and lymphoid depletion and hyperplastic corticomedullary layer in the bursa of Fabricius, lymphoid necrosis in thymus, spleen, and caecal tonsils. Lymphocytic depletion was marked in the bursa of Fabricius as early as day 1 of the infection, and in the spleen, thymus and caecal tonsils on day 2 of the infection. However, there were fibroplasias in the bursa of Fabricius and thymus but repopulation of lymphocytes in the spleen and caecal tonsils of birds sacrificed on day 6 of the infection. Confirmation of IBD was carried out using agar gel immunodiffusion test. The above observations showed that marked depletion of lymphocytes in the lymphoid organs correlated with marked clinical IBD while repopulation of lymphocytes in the spleen and caecal tonsils correlated with the recovery phase in pullet chicks. The description of the pathological changes in lymphoid organs caused by the IBDV currently circulating in Nigeria will be useful in assessing the time and recognition of early diagnostic features of the disease.

Key words: Infectious bursal disease, Lymphoid organs, Pathology, Pullets


Full-text options

Full-text Article




Advertisement


SUBMIT YOUR ARTICLE NOW




ScopeMed.com
BiblioMed Home
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright ScopeMed Information Services.