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J Liaquat Uni Med Health Sci. 2016; 15(3): 121-127

Long Acting Reversible Contraceptives: Knowledge and Attitude among Married Women of Lahore

Chanda Jabeen, Gulshan Umbreen.

BACKGROUND OF STUDY: Long acting contraceptives are probably best methods to protect
against for pregnancy as they require no follow up visit, and very low profile of side effects.
They need little attention after insertion and prevent pregnancy for a long period of time. Still
the usage of implant and IUCD are 0.0% and 2.5% respectively. Aim of this study is to assess
the Knowledge, Attitude and Beliefs about long acting reversible contraceptives among married
women of reproductive age residing in peripheral part of Lahore.
METHOD: A cross sectional community based survey using convenience sampling technique
was used to collect data from the respondents. Study conducted from Feb 2015 to June 2015. A
close ended questionnaire was used. Participants were married women of reproductive age living
in community of Ali Raza-abad Lahore. SPSS version 20 was used to analyze the data and
descriptive statistics and chi- square was applied.
RESULTS: Among 154 respondents, 34% have knowledge about the implant while 73% have
idea about IUCD. Only 20% women were knowing that use of implant can effectively prevent
pregnancy. 44.8% have clear concept regrading protective role of IUCD against pregnancy.
55.2% women do not know how long they are protected from pregnancy while using IUCD. Decision
regarding use of contraception were taken jointly by husband and wife in 68.8% of cases.
Only 31% respondents said IUCD do not restrict normal routine activities while 38% do not
know about it.
CONCLUSION: It is concluded that majority of the respondents did not have appropriate awareness
about implants. Although awareness increases with age but at the same most of married
women were found reluctant to use long acting reversible contraceptive method due to different
false belief.

Key words: Knowledge, Attitude, Beliefs, Long acting reversible contraceptives.

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