Home|Journals Follow on Twitter| Subscribe to List

Directory for Medical Articles
 

Open Access

Regular Article



Agreement among bacteriological findings, vaginal discharges, and endometrial cytology for endometritis detection in postpartum beef cows.

Salah Noori Mohammed, Nurhusien Yimer Degu, Abdul Wahid Haron, Rosnina Hj Yusoff, Siti khairani Bejo, Mohammed Ariff Omar.

Abstract
This study aims to demonstrate the relationship among vaginal discharges, bacteriological contamination, and endometrial cytology during 2030 days postpartum in beef cows. A total of 82 beef cows, aged 3 years to 7 years and at 2030 days post-calving, were enrolled in this study. All the cows were checked by transrectal palpation, ultrasound, and vaginal discharge collection. Endometrial cytology and bacteriological samples were then collected using a cytobrush technique. Nine of 82 beef cows (10.97%) had abnormal vaginal discharges and clinical endometritis (CE), and nine of 73 clinically healthy cows (12.32%) had subclinical endometritis (SCE). The agreement among endometrial examination, polymorphonuclear neutrophil percentage (PMN %), and vaginal discharge score (03) was moderate (k = 0.48, p < 0.01), whereas that between vaginal discharge score (03) and bacteriological finding was poor (k = 0.032, p = 0.51). The agreement between bacterial finding and PMN % was also poor (k = 0.15, p = 0.02). Escherichia coli was the most common bacteria isolated from healthy (14.6 %), CE (38.8 %), and SCE (42.8 %) cows. Moreover, E. coli was the major bacteriological risk factor for SCE occurrence. E. coli and Staphylococcus aureus were the most common risk factors for the occurrence of CE. The reproductive performance of beef cows was insignificantly affected by CE and SCE.

Key words: Beef Cows, Endometritis, Postpartum Uterus, Endometrial Cytology, Risk Factors



Share this Article


Advertisement
Archives of Clinical and Experimental Surgery (ACES)

SUBMIT YOUR ARTICLE NOW


ScopeMed.com
BiblioMed Home
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright ScopeMed Information Services.