Home|Journals|Articles by Year Follow on Twitter

Directory for Medical Articles

Open Access

Original Article

IMJ. 2017; 9(1): 38-40


Ghulam Mustafa, Mohammed Ibrahim, Khalil Ahmed Shahid, Hafiz Mohammed Yar Malik.

OBJECTIVE: To assess the technique of inhaler use among Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease or Asthma patients.
STUDY DESIGN: A Cross Sectional Study
PLACE AND DURATION: Department of Pulmonology, Sheikh Zayed Hospital, Rahim Yar Khan, from 1st March to 30th June 2015.
METHODOLOGY: A total of eighty consecutive patients with diagnosis of chronic obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) or asthma, having history of inhaler use were included. Study subjects were asked to use inhaler while medical officer observed different steps of inhalation as performed by patients. A ten step questionnaire was devised to note inhalation technique by each study subject. Each step of inhalation technique was labeled as “correct” or “false” and noted in questionnaire. The data on demographic variables was also noted.
RESULTS: it was noted that 6% even did not removed cap before use. Majority 87.5% shake inhaler well, whereas, 95% hold upright inhaler properly. According to this study 50% of study subjects did not breath out gently. 32.5% made ineffective mouth sealing and only 37.5% patients breath in while canister was pressed simultaneously, 42.5% continued breath in slowly after canister press and 42.5% hold of breath after canister push. Single actuation/single inhalation was done by only 47.5% of study subjects. Most 52.5% of study subjects also did not wait for one minute if more dose was required.
CONCLUSION: Our study showed that half of the patients were not able to perform the basic essential steps required for effective delivery of drug.

Key words: Inhaler, Technique, COPD, Asthma, Patients

Similar Articles

Chemometric analysis of the global pattern of volatile organic compounds in the exhaled breath of patients with COVID-19, post-COVID and healthy subjects. Proof of concept for post-COVID assessment.
Zamora-Mendoza BN, Díaz de León-Martínez L, Rodríguez-Aguilar M, Mizaikoff B, Flores-Ramírez R
Talanta. 2022; 236(): 122832

Association of HLA-DRB1 and -DQB1 Alleles with Susceptibility to IgA Nephropathy in Korean Patients.
In JW, Jung K, Shin S, Park KU, Lee H, Song EY
Annals of laboratory medicine. 2022; 42(1): 54-62

Comprehensive Laboratory Data Analysis to Predict the Clinical Severity of Coronavirus Disease 2019 in 1,952 Patients in Daegu, Korea.
Yoo EH, Chang SH, Song DY, Lee CH, Cheong GY, Park S, Lee JH, Lee S, Kwak SG, Jeon CH, Song KE
Annals of laboratory medicine. 2022; 42(1): 24-35

Assessment of structural brain changes in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus using the MRI-based brain atrophy and lesion index.
Zhao H, Wang F, Luo GH, Lei H, Peng F, Ren QP, Chen W, Wu YF, Yin LC, Liu JC, Pan SN
Neural regeneration research. 2022; 17(3): 618-624

Advances in Studying Glycosaminoglycan-Protein Interactions Using Capillary Electrophoresis.
Liang A, Desai U
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.). 2022; 2303(): 365-387

Full-text options

Latest Statistics about COVID-19
• pubstat.org

Add your Article(s) to Indexes
• citeindex.org

Covid-19 Trends and Statistics
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright © ScopeMed® Information Services.

ScopeMed Web Sites