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Clinico-microbiological profile of women with vaginal discharge in a tertiary care hospital of northern India

Varsha Chaudhary, Ved Prakesh, Kian Agarwal, Vijender Kumar Agrawal, Arun Singh, Sachin Pandey.


Abstract
Cited by (3)

Background: The complaint of vaginal discharge is very common, particularly in south East Asia. An accurate diagnosis is recommended, based on knowledge of the epidemiology of lower genital tract infections, consistent application of laboratory tests and, where needed, microbiological.

Objective: To find out socio-demographic variables associated with the complaint of vaginal discharge, to study the microbiological profile of women presenting with complain of vaginal discharge and characteristic of discharge.

Materials and Methods: The present cross sectional study was conducted in one of the tertiary care hospital of Bareilly district. The respondent were the female in reproductive age group (15- 49yrs) attending Obstetrics & Gynaecology OPD with history of vaginal discharge. Vaginal swabs were collected from women with history of discharge and sent to microbiology department in Amie’s medium. Analysis of Variance test was applied as a test of significance.

Results: A total of 270 women with vaginal discharge were studied. Bacterial vaginosis was the commonest disorder seen (36.68%). Effect of age on Candida infection, literacy status on Candida, Bacterial vaginosis and Pseudomonas infection and marital status on Klebsiella infection was found to be statistically significant. Vaginal discharge was found to be excessive (87.8%), continuous (64.8%) and foul smelling (60.4%) in majority of women. Consistency of discharge was told to be Curdy (44.4%), Mucopurulent (22.2%) and thin (33.3%).

Conclusion: There is need for creating community awareness about health care facilities and instills self concern in women for their own health needs.

Key words: Vaginal Discharge; Microbiology; India; Reproductive Health






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