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Original Article

J. Islam. Int. Med. Coll.. 2017; 12(1): 39-43


Prevalence of Pregnancy Related Low Back Pain in Third Trimester and Its Impact on Quality of Life and Physical Limitation

Muhammad Junaid Khan, Aamir Israr, Isma Basharat, Abaidullah Shoukat, Nazish Mushtaq, Hamza Farooq.

Abstract
Objective: The objective of this study was to find out the prevalence of pregnancy related low back pain in the
third trimester and evaluate its impact on the quality of life, functional limitation and physical disabilities of
pregnant women.
Study Design: A cross-sectional descriptive study.
Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted at Benazir Bhutto women and children care hospital
(DHQ), Abbottabad from Jan 5, 2014 to Feb 26, 2014.
Materials and Methods: Total 104 patients of 3rd trimester were selected on probabilistic sampling (simple
random sampling). Diseased, disabled, women with height less than 4.5 feet (137cm) and third grade obese
were excluded. A structured pre-tested questionnaire was used to access rating of pain intensity, its effect on
quality of life, functional limitation and daily activities. Informed written consent was taken from the
participants of study. Statistical analysis was done by SPSS version-21.
Results: Among 104, eight women data was not taken into account due to exclusion criteria. Mean age of
reaming n96 women was 24.56 (min 18-max 37) years and height was 160.39 (min 144- max 176) cm. Among
n96, n66 (68.8%) had pregnancy-related low back pain (PLBP). In which, n2 (3%) were totally dependent, n20
(20.8%) were physically inactive and n30 (31.3%) showed 61%-80% of disability scale. Pain intensity of n36
(54.5%) women was moderate.
Conclusion: The prevalence of pregnancy related low back pain is quite high (68.8%) in Abbottabad population.
PLBP adversely affect their quality of lives, limit their routine activities and productivities and even make them
physically disable. There is a significant difference between women having pregnancy related low back pain and
women without it. (p=0.452). Women especially, young (p=0.390) and in first pregnancy (p=0.095) have severe
pain intensity that interferes significantly with their daily living activities.

Key words: Low Back Pain, Physical disabilities, Pregnancy.



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