Objective: To compare the mean corneal endothelial cell count in type II diabetic patients with healthy adults.
Study Design: Case control.
Place and Duration of Study: Out-patient Department of Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology, Rawalpindi from September 10, 2013 to March 25, 2014.
Material and Methods: A hospital-based case-control study was carried out at out-patient department of Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology in which 130 eyes (65 diabetic eyes and 65 controls) were included. Non-probability consecutive sampling was adopted. Relevant detailed history including information about age, gender, duration of diabetes, any other medical illness and current medical treatment being taken by patient was recorded.
Results: Data entry and analysis was done in SPSS version 10. Total 130 eyes (65 diabetic and 65 non-diabetic eyes) were included in our study according to the inclusion criteria. Mean age (years) of patient in both the groups was 59.55 ± 8.01 and 53.85 ± 10.07. Mean corneal endothelial cell count in both the groups was 2368.35 ± 389.58 and 2588.64 ± 269.84 respectively which was statistically significant (p-value=0.001) in both the groups.
Conclusion: The conclusion of the study was that the mean corneal endothelial cell count in type II diabetic patients was significantly less as compared to healthy adults.
Endothelial cell count, Type II diabetes.