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Knowledge and Health Beliefs of Elderly Women toward Osteoporosis in Mansoura, Egypt

Ragaa El-Masry,Ghada Elkhawaga,Abdel-Hady El-Gilany,Raefa Refaat Alam.

Abstract
Background: Osteoporosis is among the top five conditions causing disability for elder particularly in women. Unfortunately, Egyptian women were reported to have a lower bone mineral density compared to their Western counterparts. So, this study was conducted to assessed knowledge and beliefs of menopausal women about osteoporosis, and their possible associated factors.
Methods: Across-sectional study was conducted on 208 menopausal women recruited from both rural and urban settings, Mansoura, Egypt. An interviewing questionnaire was used to assess socio-demographic characteristics, knowledge and health beliefs of participants about osteoporosis.
Results: The overall Osteoporosis Knowledge Assessment Tool (OKAT) and Osteoporosis Health Beliefs Scale (OHBS) mean scores were 10.8±3.52 and 140.9±18.1; respectively. High education was the only significant predictor to OKAT mean score (P= 0.011). Linear regression revealed understanding symptom and knowledge of preventive factors as strong significant (P≤0.001) predictors for women perceptions to the benefit of exercises and susceptibility to osteoporosis (R2 = 0.205 and 0.167; respectively).
Conclusions: This study reflects limited knowledge and modest perceptions toward osteoporosis among menopausal women. Knowledge was significant predictor of women health beliefs towards osteoporosis. Gender based preventive programs may help to reduce the burden of osteoporosis in Egyptian community.

Key words: knowledge; beliefs; menopausal women; osteoporosis



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