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Original Research

JCDR. 2022; 13(1): 312-320

The Anatomical Variation of Cystic Artery and its Clinical Relevance

Dr. Kiran Arora, Dr. Lopa M Vaidya, Dr. Chirag R Vadhel, Dr. Ritesh K Shah, Dr. Rashmikant V. Dav.


Background and Aim: In present time the laparoscopic cholecystectomy is more preferable for the treatment of the
cholelithiasis and other gallbladder conditions. The cystic artery is the main source of blood supply of the
gallbladder. It is normally originated from right hepatic artery and lies within the calot’s triangle.(1)The cystic
artery is the one of main structures which is ligated during cholecystectomy either laparoscopic or conventional.
Variations of its anatomy like origin, termination and relation causes intraoperative bleeding which causes
problem for the surgeons. The knowledge of variations of cystic artery is helpful for surgeons during carrying out
the cholecystectomy.
Materials and Methods: The study was carried out on 130 human cadavers in department of Anatomy at various
medical colleges of Gujarat region, India over the period of 4 years from January 2015 to December 2019.
Permission taken from ethical committee for carried out the work. The cadavers are dissected and open the
abdomen remove the lesser omentum and clean the area by fine dissection observe the variations of cystic artery.
Findings were noted and take the photographs of variations.

Key words: Calot’s triangle, Cystic artery, Laparoscopic cholecystectomy, Gallbladder.

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