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RMJ. 2020; 45(1): 71-73


Frequency of neck pain in modern hijab wearing females in twin cities

Sania Khawar Kiyani, Fouzia Batool, Saba Nawaz, Mir Arif Hussain, Amna Yaseen.

Abstract
Objectives: To identify the frequency of neck pain associated with modern hijab in females of twin cities of Pakistan along with identification of risk factors.
Methodology: A total of 747 females participated from 4 different Universities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad were included in the study. The study duration was 6 months from January to June 2017. Northwick questionnaire for neck pain was used to assess the neck pain intensity, symptoms, numbness, impact on daily activities and social life. Statistical analysis was done on SPSS version 21.
Results: Out of 747 participants, 393(50.2%) females were covering their head with modern hijab. Type of head cover daily duration of hijab were significantly associated with stiffness or discomfort in neck, restriction with movement, pain and stiffness in head and neck region and relief from pain after removal of hijab (p

Key words: Neck Pain, Hijab, Musculoskeletal Disorders.






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The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.