Ghee/clarified butter has often been implicated with risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) due to its saturated fatty acids and cholesterol content. Hence, the study was done to evaluate the association of ghee consumption & history of CHD among north Indians.
The cross-sectional study was done in 200 urban adults of India after random selection during the period of 2009 to 2011. The history of CHD was assessed after dividing the population into3 groups based on oil (O) & ghee (G) consumption/month: (Group A) O>1l/month, G1.25kg/month.
Total ghee consumed per month had negative correlation with the history of CHD. Logistic regression analysis showed that the odds of CHD among group C & B were 0.491 & 0.791 times that of group A over & beyond gender respectively.
History of CHD was lowest among the group with highest ghee & lowest oil consumption.
Key words: Ghee, clarified butter, coronary heart disease, Coronary artery disease, cholesterol, Saturated fat, serum lipid profile and consumption of ghee.