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IJMDC. 2020; 4(12): 2267-2273

Assessment of knowledge regarding water birth among medical students of clinical years in College of Medicine, Taif University

Iffat I. Nazir, Eatezaz Y. Alzhrani, Raghad K. Althobaity, Rahaf H. Fattah, Alaa A. Al Mashaikhi.


Background: Water birth is a method of giving birth in a tub of warm water that has been known since the 1,800s. This research aimed to assess the awareness about water birth among Saudi medical students in clinical years.
Methodology: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Taif University, Saudi Arabia. The respondents were (n = 235) selected by using non-probability simple random techniques. The data were collected by a pre-designed self-administered questionnaire.
Results: Only 2.6%, 5.5%, and 3.8% of the students knew about the water birth method, the property of warm water, and that warm water makes the uterus hyperactive, respectively. Of the participants, 16.7% knew that water birth reduces the rate of hemorrhage, and 59.4% knew that warm water helps to increase blood circulation. Most of them (72.2%) reported that awareness about water birth should be provided to pregnant women during the antenatal period, and 55.1% thought that water birth method should be practiced in Saudi Arabia. Students with older age, males, and 5th-year students were significantly associated with information about water birth.
Conclusion: There was lack of awareness about many issues related to water birth among the studied students. However, they had a positive attitude toward it. Implantation courses and workshops in medical schools about water birth should be organized in Saudi Arabia.

Key words: Assessment, knowledge, water, birth, students, Taif

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