|IJMDC. 2019; 3(7): 565-569
The pattern of eye injuries among children attending Al-Yamamah hospital, Saudi Arabia
Saud Hatem Aman, Duha Daif Allah Alloqmani, Abdullah Mana Alqahtani, Muhammad Abdullah Almalki, Abdulmajeed Haddaj Alruwaili, Saqqar Abdulelah Alanazi, Najd Khalid Aljuaid, Faisal Fawzi Abuhalimeh, Ruba Saud Alkabani, Munera Abdullah Albalawi, Rakan Abdullah Almusallam.
Background: Eyes are ranked the third most common organ affected by traumatic injuries representing one of the major worldwide causes for acquired unilateral blindness.
Methodology: A cross-sectional, non-interventional study was carried out on children aged 18 years or younger who had been exposed to eye injuries and were attending the emergency or the outpatient clinics of Al-Yamamah hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia during the year 2017. The demographic characteristics, details of the injury events, the initial and three months post-injury visual acuity and eye status were investigated.
Results: One hundred and twenty-four children were included in this study. Most of the eye injuries occurred in children aged less than 6 years (42.7%). These included 92 (74.2%) boys and 32 (25.8%) girls. The highest proportion of eye injuries were due to street injuries (41.9%) followed by domestic injuries (26.6%). Open eye globe injuries constituted 35.5% out of total eye injuries, closed eye globe occurred in 64.5%, Chemical injuries constituted 2.4% of all ophthalmological injuries.
Conclusion: This study highlights the importance and need for eye injuries prevention programs among children to avoid injuries during their daily life.
Key words: Eye injuries, unilateral blindness, domestic eye injuries