Home|Journals|Articles by Year Follow on Twitter| Subscribe to List

Directory for Medical Articles

Open Access

Original Article

AJVS. 2016; 51(1): 54-60

Isolation of Bacteria From Sub-Clinical Cases in Mastitic She-Camel (Camelus Dromedaries) and Their Sensitivity to Some Antibiotics

Badria A. Mohamed, Somaya A. Freigoun, Osama K. Gaidan, Tawfiq El T. Mohamed.

The objective of this study was to determine the bacteria associated with mastitis in she- camel and to evaluate the sensitivity of these bacteria to antibiotics. Three hundred and thirty seven milk samples were collected from she- camel from Red Sea state and examined by WST, 40(11.87%) were positive and 297(88.13%) were negative. From the positive samples 115 organism were isolated. Isolation and identification of the bacteria is according to a standard cultures technique. It resulted in that the most predominant cause of she-camel mastitis is Staphylococcus spp. (74%). The other causes were Streptococcus spp.(15%), Corynebacterium spp.(1%), Anaerobic cocci spp.(2%), Bacillus spp.(4%),and Micrococcus spp.(4%).The Staphylococcus spp. isolated were S.aureus (58.07%), S.epidermidis(1.74%),S.hyicus (2.61%),S.simulans (0.87%), S. warnei (1.74%), S.lominis (0.87%), S.kloosii (5.22%), S.sciuri (0.27%) and S.lentus (2.61%)
The sensitivity of these bacterial isolates to antibiotics was done using Oxoid discs of Ampicillin, Erthomycin, kanamycin, Streotomycin, tetracycline, chloramphenicol, Gentamycin and nalidixic acid. The organisms were considered sensitive or resistant according to zone size.The bacteriostatic and bactericidal activity of each drug was done. The results of the sensitivity test showed that the Staphylococcus spp. were highly sensitive to Ampicillin, Tetracycline and Gentamycin, while they are resistant to Erythromycin and Nalidixic acid. The Streptococcus aglactiae, Strep.dysglactiae and Strep uberis were sensitive to all tested antibiotic preparations, but resistant to Nalidixic acid antibiotic. The sensitivity of other isolates was not significant compared to the major isolates. It is concluded that the most dominant cause of mastitis in she- camels of the Red-Sea State of Sudan is Staphylococcus spp. and the most effective antibiotics against most of the isolated organisms are Tetracycline, chloramphenicol Gentamycin, Ampicillin and kanamycin.

Key words: she- camels.; mastitis ; causative agents, antibiotic sensitivity

Full-text options

Full-text Article

Share this Article

Readers of this article also read the following articles
»Conservative treatment of lateral epicondylitis: The impact of psychosocial factors on perceived treatment efficacy
»Early and excessive leucovorin rescue in the prevention of toxicities after intermediate-dose methotrexate: A cross-sectional study
»Spontaneous acute subdural hematoma due to intracranial hypotension secondary to lumboperitoneal shunt: a case report and review of the literature
»Echocardiographic noninvasive evaluation of the effect of hemodialysis on left ventricle function in patients with chronic renal failure
»Nitrate and oxalate in germplasm collections of spinach and other leafy vegetables
»Kolaviron protects against cisplatin-induced hepatic and renal oxidative damage in rats
»Role of fibrinogen in predicting severity of diabetic foot ulcer
»Couples Communication Skills and Anxiety of Pregnancy: A Narrative Review
»Business Condition of the Employees in the Hacettepe University Library

Journal of Environmental and Occupational Science


BiblioMed Home
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright ScopeMed Information Services.