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JCR. 2020; 7(15): 6284-6289


A Histological Evaluation on The Protective Effect of Ethanolic Extract of Moringa Leaves on 4G-Cell Phone- Irradiated Testes of Wistar Rats

SUDHA RAMALINGAM, Dr. X. CHANDRA PHILIP, Dr. K.V.P. SURIYAKUMARI.

Abstract
Infertility is the growing problem in modern world. Fifty percent of infertility cases are paid for by the malefactor. Scientific researches revolve around the use of cell phones and infertility. Few studies have explored the effects of 2G, 3G and 4G-cell phone radiation on spermatogenesis and some other studies offer conflicting views. The aim of this research was to study the impact of electromagnetic radiation (EMR) on the testis of Wistar rats over a span of two months from a 4G mobile phone and to assess the potential radio-ameliorative efficiency of leaves of Moringa oleifera (MOL).
Materials and Methods
The male Wistar rats were divided into five groups. Control group (n=3) without mobile phone; Sham group (n=3) with mobile phone in switched-off mode; MOL-2 group (n=6) obtained oral 200 mg of ethanol extract of MOL /kg body weight for two months; R2 group (n=6) subjected to 4G-EMR for two months for 96 minutes/day; R2+MOL-2 (n=6) group exposed to EMR and treated concurrently with MOL extract for two months. After the experimental period, rats were sacrificed and testes were removed to analyze the morphometry and histological alterations.
Results
4G mobile phone-EMR caused a significant reduction in the length and thickness of the testis in the R2 group as compared to control, sham and MOL-2 groups. The ethanolic extract of MOL could not retrieve the variables to normal in the R2+MOL-2 group. But the extract retained the histo-morphology of the testes from the effects of 4G- EMR.
Conclusion
4G-LTE-radiation can influence spermatogenesis to some degree by adversely affecting the the histological aspect of the testes. Oral administration of ethanol extract of MOL will preserve the properties of testes from cell phones via the antioxidant properties of its phytochemicals.

Key words: 4G-EMR; Moringa Leaves; Morphometry; Testis; Histology; Antioxidants



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