Home|Journals|Articles by Year|Audio Abstracts

Original Research

Self-medication practice of antihistaminics H1 blocker among undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care hospital

Meenakshi Jindal, Rajeev Kumar Sharma, Suman Lata, Bhawana Sharma.


Background: Self-medication is a widely prevalent practice in India. It assumes a special significance among medical students as they are the future medical practitioners and differ from general population as they are exposed to the knowledge about drug and diseases. Self-medication is very common among the medical students, and from previous studies, it was seen that antihistaminic was commonly taken as self-medication.

Aims and Objective: The aim of the study is to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of self-medication among undergraduate medical students toward antihistaminics.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study was conducted among the 300 undergraduate medical students of 2nd and 3rd year from July to December 2018 after taking the approval from the Institutional Ethical Committee.

Results: It was found that 200 (90%) respondents practiced self-medication. Most common conditions for taking antihistaminic self-medication were allergic rhinitis (39%), sinusitis (34%), motion sickness (7%), urticaria (14%), and insect bite (6%). Most common reasons for seeking self-medication were mild illness (50%), time-saving (33%), cost-effectiveness (11%), and urgency (6%). Commonly used H1 antihistaminics were cetirizine, levocetirizine, fexofenadine, loratadine, hydroxyzine, and promethazine; main source of their knowledge was from their medical textbooks (50%), internet (30%), and parents and friends (20%). Most of the students reported that antihistaminics were safe drug, the only side effects that they reported were sedation, drowsiness, and lack of concentration, and second-generation antihistaminics were costly.

Conclusion: Undergraduate medical students commonly use antihistaminic as self-medication because they are having easy access to knowledge related to the antihistaminics and their adverse effect. We as a faculty should ensure that students practice self-medication only when he/she knows the advantages and disadvantages of self-medication.

Key words: Antihistaminics; Medical Students; Questionnaire; Self-medication

Full-text options

Share this Article

Online Article Submission
• ejmanager.com

ejPort - eJManager.com
Refer & Earn
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.