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Original Article

J App Pharm Sci. 2017; 7(1): 189-192

Correlation of blood Na+ and K+ levels with Body Mass Index in population of Garhwal region of Uttarakhand

Vijay Pandey, Hemant Kumar Dutt, Ganesh Singh, Amritha P Vinod.

Higher blood electrolyte Na+ and K+ levels and disturbance in Body Mass Index (BMI), both are associated with risks of various health complications such as hypertension, coronary artery diseases, type 2 diabetes, hyperlipidemia and mortality. This study was conducted to find out any correlation between the blood level of these electrolytes and BMI so that better adjustment of these parameters can reduce the morbidity as well as mortality of these serious health complications. 204 healthy volunteers participated in the study. History regarding diet and life style was noted in the form of questionnaire. Height and weight of the patient and blood pressure was recorded. Blood was collected in a sterile vial for blood Na+ and K+ levels. Data analysis showed a negative correlation of Na+ and K+ levels with BMI. The study showed a significant positive correlation of BMI with blood pressure. It was also found that Na+ has positive correlation and K+ has negative correlation with systolic blood pressure. The study concludes that there is a strong association of BMI with blood Na+ and K+ levels and blood pressure. We need to spread awareness about BMI and electrolytes imbalance in the community to prevent the related complications.

Key words: BMI, Blood Pressure, Electrolyte, Obesity, Potassium, Sodium

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