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Original Article

Natl J Community Med. 2016; 7(4): 307-310


Pattern of Cases of Acute Poisoning in a Rural Tertiary Care Center in Northern India

Prashant Gupta, Anil Kumar, Somendra Pal Singh, Manas Prakash, Mohit Gupta, Praveen Kumar.

Abstract
"Introduction: Poisoning is a common medico-social problem. It is a significant contributor to morbidity and mortality. Our study is to determine the socio demographic profile of the poisoning cases reported and to find out the pattern of poisoning cases at a tertiary care hospital in rural set up.
Method: Participants comprised of acute poisoning admissions to the emergency of UPRIMS & R, Saifai, Etawah, U.P. during 8 months period. Data regarding pattern of poisoning, basic demographics and drug utilization were collected by retrospective review of patient records.
Results: Major poisoning cases were observed in the age group between 21-30 years (39.09%). The populations with possibility of exposure to poisoning in their occupations were farmers (41.5%), housewives (31.2%) and students (18.8%). The maximum numbers of poisoning cases reported were due to organophosphorus (57.1%).The number of intentional poisoning cases (91.9%) were more when compared to accidental poisoning cases (5.2%).
Conclusion: Prevailing treatment protocols require updating on proper guidelines for better management of poisoning. Pattern and magnitude of poisoning are multidimensional and demand multi-sectoral approach for facing this problem. There is need for stringent pesticide regulation laws and counselling and training programs to reduce incidence of poisonings.
"

Key words: Poisoning, pattern, organophosphorus, rural



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