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Original Article

J Pak Med Assoc. 2016; 66(6): 644-649

Study of the pattern of mortality caused by Traffic Accidents (TAs) in The South of Iran

Tayebeh Rakhshani, Fatemeh Rakhshani, Zahra Sadat Asadi, Mohammad Hadiabasi, Kazem Khorramdel, Mohammad Zarenezhad.

Objective: To investigate the pattern of mortality caused by road traffic accidents and its associated factors.

Methods: The retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted in the Fars province of Iran and comprised data of all people having died in road traffic accidents from March 21, 2011, to March 19, 2012. Using census method, all files related to deaths in road accidents were reviewed at the Legal Medicine Centre. Data was analysed using SPSS20.

Results: Of the 1668 people dead, 1291(77.4%) were male and 377(22.6 %) were female. The highest rate related to the age group 21-30 with 454(27%) killed. As for education level, the highest rate of mortality was 410(24.5%) for illiterate people and the least was 9(0.5%) for those having Masters degree or higher. In terms of time of year, the highest rate of mortality was 167(10%) between August 23and September 22, while the least was 82(5%) between July 23and August22. Head trauma was reported as the most important cause of death in 1191(71.4%) cases.

Conclusion: Despite some minor differences, all provinces in Iran have the same patterns of death related to road traffic accidents.

Key words: Traffic accidents, Pattern of mortality, Fars province

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