Objevtive: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is a chronic metabolic disease and an important public health problem worldwide. T2DM is a progressive disease and can exist without symptoms for many years. Therefore, the risk of chronic complications and the burden of disease increase. The aim of this study was to determine the diabetes risk level of the individuals who applied to the family medicine outpatient clinic and to guide the high-risk patients for diagnosis and intervention.
Methods: This descriptive study was carried out with the participation of 171 people who applied to family medicine outpatient clinics. The questionnaire form developed by the researchers was applied face to face; height, weight and waist circumference was measured. The questionnaire included questions about the socio-demographic characteristics, disease and health habits of the participants, as well as The Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (FINDRISC). The statistical significance level was taken as p˂0.05.
Results: The median (25.p-75.p) age of participants is 41 (33-52) and 61.4% (n:105) of the subjects were female; the median body mass index (BMI) is 26,42 (23,83-31,14) kg/m2. The mean waist circumference of the women is 90,63±14,69 cm (mean±sd); and 99,53±12,81 cm for males. The median FINDRISC scores of all participants were 10 (6-13), while women were 11 (6-13) and men were 8 (5-13). According to the FINDRISC, %19.3 of the individuals were at a high-very high, %22.2 were at a moderate and %58.5 were at a slightly elevated-low risk of diabetes. There were positive and statistically significant correlation between FINDRISC score and age, BMI and waist circumference.
Conclusion: It is important that clinicians especially family physicians, who serve the adult population should screen for patients who apply for any reason in terms of diabetes in their daily practices. FINDRISK can be used for this purpose; is a simple, inexpensive and clear scanning method as well as being quick and easy to implement.
Key words: diabetes mellitus, risk, family practice
Article Language: Turkish English