PAFMJ. 2015; 65(2): 282-285
KNOWLEDGE, AWARENESS AND PRACTICES OF HARMFUL EFFECTS OF ANABOLIC STEROIDS AMONG BODY BUILDERS IN RAWALPINDI AND ISLAMABADHassan Bin Usman, Farah Rashid, Harris Ayub, Adil Ayub, Nabeel Akram, Samran Walter, Summia Matin.
Objective: To determine the knowledge, awareness and practices of anabolic steroids amongst body builders of Rawalpindi and Islamabad.
Study Design: Cross sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted in various gyms and fitness centres in Rawalpindi and Islamabad from November 2013 to May 2014.
Material and Methods: A structured close ended questionnaire was filled from the body builders in various gyms/fitness centres after taking informed consent. A total of 310 male body builders between age group of 15-35 years were interviewed by non-probability convenience sampling technique. Standard descriptive and analytical statistics were used to analyze the data. Data analysis was done including variables like age, education, legality, motivation, workout, side effects and withdrawal symptoms of steroids. Chi-square test was used to ascertain the association between categorical variables, 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) and p value less than 0.05 was considered significant.
Results: A total of 310 male adolescents were surveyed, 64% reported past or present use of anabolic steroids. Mean (SD) age of the body builders was 24.7 (+ 3) years and most (84%) of them were educated. More than 72% of all the body builders had the knowledge that the steroids are harmful for their health. About the side effects of steroid use, 37% knew about hair loss, acne 21%, aggression/hypertension 14%, and sterility/infertility 15%. Bodybuilders who were aware that steroid use is illegal was 62% but still they were using them (p
Anabolic steroids, Attitude, Knowledge, Physical activity, Practices.
American Journal of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology
SUBMIT YOUR ARTICLE NOW