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Review Article

SRP. 2020; 11(12): 655-660


The influence of the mother’s job on the psychological state of preschool childrenin Saudi Arabia

Samar Salah Eldin Mohamed Diab, Shaymaa Najm Abed, Shaimaa Ahmed Awad Ali.


Abstract

Background: Children during their early developmental years face several cognitive and behavioral effects that are the result of their mother work.
Objectives: To assess the relationship between mothers’job and psychological state of their preschool-age children at Sakaka City in Saudi Arabia, and to compare mothers job type with the degree of loneliness feeling of their children.
Design: A descriptive survey design was used. Sample: A convenient purposeful sample of 120 working mothers of different careers and their preschool-age children aged from (2-6 years). Tools included 1. A structured questionnaire developed by the researcher 2. Likert scale for preschool-age children's loneliness feeling.
Results: indicated that the mothers age ranged between 31-40 years are more than a quarter (35.8%), and rest are between (20-30 years), 89.5% of them have a university education. The degree of mothers’ work effect on their young children feeling of loneliness was 43.40± 1.095 very affects. On the other hand, 43.25± 3.56 was does not affect at all.
Conclusions: It was concluded that there was a relationship between mothers’ job and loneliness feelings of their preschool age children. The loneliness feeling for children increases related to the type of mother work where school teachers were the most mothers’ career associated with a high sense of loneliness among their children.

Key words: Mother job, Loneliness feelings, and preschool age children.






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