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Original Research

Natl J Med Res. 2016; 6(2): 171-173


A Clinical Study on Ear Trauma in South India

Rahul Singh, Gopi Krishna Thota, Ravi Kumar Raju Mudunuri, Murthy M A N.

Abstract
Aim: To review about the presentations, types and aetiology of factors affecting ear trauma in patients of Konaseema region and recommend appropriate management.

Materials and Methods: All patients treated for ear trauma at Konaseema Institute of Medical Sciences & Research Foundation for a period of one year from 1st January 2015 to 31st December 2015 were studied using their clinical records. Data extracted were analysed by using SPSS software.

Results: The results were presented in a simple descriptive and tabular forms. Total 43 patients, out of which, 37(84%) males and 6(16%) females, of ages 10 to 70 years, average age of 33.41 years were studied. Road traffic accidents RTA 35(81.39%) was the commonest aetiology while bleeding from the ear 26(60.46%), tympanic membrane perforation 25 (58.13%), Ear laceration 12(27.90%) and ear contusion haematomas 5(11.62%) were other frequent presentations.

Discussion: In ear trauma tympanic membrane is mostly affected. Sudden increase in canal pressure from trauma by Road traffic accidents or blows/slaps were the major mechanism of injury.

Conclusion: Early Management of all ear trauma cases was good except for few late presenters with complications.

Key words: Ear, RTA, Trauma, Aetiology, Presentation



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