|RMJ. 2021; 46(1): 135-139
Religiosity, scrupulosity, obsessive-compulsive disorder and its related cognitive dimensions
Salma Batool, Mamoona Ismail Loona, Muhammad Tahir Khalily.
Objective: To explore the association between religiosity, scrupulosity, obsessive compulsive disorder and the cognitive styles associated with obsessive compulsive disorder.
Methodology: In this cross-sectional study, purposive sampling technique was used to collect the data from adults diagnosed with oobsessive ccompulsive ddisorder with age range of 18-28 years from different hospitals and clinics of Islamabad and Rawalpindi, Pakistan. Pearson correlation coefficient was used to analyze the data and find out the relationship between the variables of the study. Mediation analysis was conducted to assess the mediating role of cognitive styles between religiosity, obsessive compulsive disorder and scrupulosity.
Results: Scrupulosity was found to be related with obsessive and compulsive symptoms, religiosity and numerous cognitive styles of OCD. Religiosity and extrinsic religiosity was positively associated with OCD and cognitive styles. Cognitive styles of OCD served as mediators between religiosity and scrupulosity and religiosity predicted OCD, scrupulosity and general psychopathology.
Conclusion: Religion is linked with the emergence of obsessions and compulsions, also beliefs and theories that are thought to clarify the etiology and maintenance of this condition. The role of cognitive styles as mediators among study variables was also depicted from this study.
Key words: Scrupulosity, obsessive compulsive disorder, cognitive styles.