Objectives: To determine the frequency of dyslipidemia among type 2 diabetics and to assess patterns of dyslipidemia in these patients.
Methodology: This cross sectional study was conducted in the Department of Medicine, Qateef Central Hospital, Dammam, Saudi Arabia from August 29, 2012 to February 28, 2013. Patients with type 2 diabetes were selected and 14 hours fasting blood sample was collected for lipid profile.
Results: A total of 250 patients were included in the study. The overall frequency of dyslipidemia was 76%. One hundred and fifty seven (62.8%) patients were found to have hypertriglyceridemia, 91(36.4%) had LDL-C and 25(10%) had HDL-C derangements. Major proportions of these patients (34.8%) had two lipid values outside of their target levels. Second common pattern included derangement of three lipid values (22.4%) followed by one (17.6%).
Conclusion: Dyslipidemia is common among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with majority of them having a combined dyslipidemia.
Dyslipidemia, Type 2 diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia.