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Original Article

Natl J Community Med. 2014; 5(1): 126-130

Prevalence of Anaemia and Its Socio-Demographic Determinants in Pregnant Women: A Cross-Sectional Study in Tertiary Health Care Setup in Central India

Piyusha Mahashabde, Vinod K Arora, Shireen Sharma, Ahmed Shahjada, H M Dabhi.

"Background: Anaemia in pregnan-cy accounts for one fifth of mater-nal death worldwide. The associa-tion between anaemia and adverse pregnancy outcome, higher inci-dence of preterm & low birth weight deliveries has been demon-strated. However, nutritional anaemia in pregnancy remains one of the Indiaís major public health problems, despite of the fact that this problem is largely preventa-ble.
Objective: To determine the preva-lence of anaemia in pregnant women and to determine associa-tion of anaemia and socio-demographic factors.
Methodology: A descriptive cross sectional study was conducted among pregnant women who came to outpatient unit of obstetrics and gynecology department during March- May 2013 by using pre-designed, pretested structured schedule. Written consent was tak-en. Hemoglobin estimation was done by Sahliís method and anae-mia was graded according to WHO criteria. Statistical analysis was done using Microsoft Excel 2007 and SPSS Version 20.
Result: - Overall prevalence of anaemia among the pregnant women was found to be 63%.It was seen that 23% of women were illit-erate and 58.7% of them belong to upper lower class. Factors such as level of education of women, occu-pation, age at first pregnancy and consumption of Iron Folic Acid were found to be significantly as-sociated with prevalence of anae-mia in pregnancy.
Conclusion: - A very high preva-lence of anaemia in pregnancy needs mandatory regular supply of IFA tablets to adolescent and preg-nant women along with correction of other nutritional deficiencies and timely intervention for reduc-ing the burden of related diseases.

Key words: Pregnant women, IFA supple-ments, anaemia

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