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Original Article

Natl J Community Med. 2014; 5(1): 114-117


A Retrospective Study of Epidemiological Trends of Leprosy in an Urban Leprosy Centre of Madhya Pradesh

Swati Jain, Mahesh Kumar Mishra, Sanjay Kumar Gupta, Vikas Jain, Leena Balpande.


Abstract

"Introduction: Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease caused by Myco-bacterium Leprae, affecting mainly peripheral nerves and skin. An im-pressive decline in leprosy preva-lence rate (PR) in India is seen in the post-MDT era. This study was carried out to find out the trend of leprosy in urban leprosy center of Madhya Pradesh and to interpret this data with respect to different epidemiological variable.
Methodology: This was a retro-spective study conducted by ana-lyzing records of Urban Leprosy Center, from Jan2004 to Dec 2013.
Result: A total 304 patient attended ULC (Urban Leprosy Center) dur-ing last 10 years (2004-2013), among which 58.2% were male and 41.8% female. Analysis of data showed a gradual decline in new case detection till 2006 in this set-up with marginal rise observed in 2007, 2009 and 2012 when com-pared with previous years. How-ever, majority of patient 173 (56.9%) belonged to multibacillary (MB) group while 131(43.1%) were paucibacillary (PB) cases. Preva-lence of disability (both grade 1 and grade 2) was more in male than in female. Disability rate was more in multibacillary leprosy than in paucibacillary patient. Most common deformity among study subjects were claw hand (60%).
Conclusion: To conclude while lep-rosy incidence has declined after MDT, early detection & proper monitoring of new cases was re-quired to facilitate effective man-agement, disability limitation and rehabilitation.
"

Key words: Leprosy, Urban center, Epidemiol-ogy, Multibacillary, Paucibacillary, Deformities.






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